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The Safety Brief In our podcasts we give short but valuable overviews
and insights into how contractors and safety managers
can be even more effective in protecting their workers.
In our podcasts we give short but valuable overviews and insights into how contractors and safety managers can be even more effective in protecting their workers.

I2P2 – Injury Illness Prevention Programs

I2P2 is shorthand for Injury and Illness Prevention Programs. Even though OSHA doesn’t have a standard, they’re still a good idea.

Dan Clark explains how to start an I2P2, including mandatory management and worker involvement.

Look in the transcript for links to OSHA programs such as VPP and SHARP. State programs are also linked.


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Dan Clark: I2P2 … not a Star Wars character. It stands for Injury and Illness Prevention Programs. Programs that protect workers and save company money.

Hi, I’m Dan Clark with The Safety Brief. We take on health and safety hazards in today’s demanding industrial and construction worksites, a service of Creative Safety Supply.

OSHA was wound up tight about I2P2. They were on track to create an Injury and Illness Prevention Program standard in 2010. In 2014 they put the priority on the back burner.

Even though Injury and Illness Prevention Programs are not required by federal OSHA, they urge companies to implement them. Also, many state OSHA programs require I2P2s.

WHAT ARE THEY? An Injury and Illness Prevention Program is a written safety program that outlines health and safety procedures in the workplace. It’s often abbreviated as I2P2. Other monikers include IIPP, Accident Prevention Programs, and Health And Safety Management Systems.

WHAT’S NEEDED TO BEGIN ONE? Components recommended by federal OSHA are:

1. Management leadership.
2. Worker participation.
3. Hazard identification.
4. Hazard prevention and control.
5. Education and training.
6. Program evaluation and improvement.

The written document itself goes into detail about:

— Who’s responsible for safety and in what capacity.

— How safety will be handled for specific hazards.

— How positive actions will be rewarded and negative actions handled.

A safety & health program can save employers the indirect costs of workplace accidents, such as:



— Worker safety, of course.

— Increased productivity and improved bottom line. Hey, we’re talking money of course, since injuries and accidents can disrupt work and be very costly. The amount of production required to cover the cost of an injury is humongous.

— It gets everyone involved in safety too. This can lead to more engaged workers and a positive environment.

Ohio small employers found that workers’ compensation claims fell after implementing OSHA’s SHARP program. More info here. Infographic and statistics provided by OSHA.



— Focus on management and worker involvement.

— Provide safety training, in multiple languages if necessary.

— Have regular safety meetings and discussions.

— Make sure everyone knows how the I2P2 relates to his or her job.

— Make sure plans are made for the specific hazards at your site.

— Do hazard assessments and create procedures.

— Have a plan for dealing with problems that come up from each specific hazard.

Well, that’s I2P2 in a nutshell. 34 states have I2P2 programs under various names — some voluntary, some mandatory. Details vary, so check into them. California is a great example of a required program.

That’s all for this episode, I2P2 – Injury Illness Prevention Programs. Join me again for more ways to stay safety compliant in today’s always-changing landscape of safety requirements. I’m Dan Clark of The Safety Brief, a service of Creative Safety Supply. Save 10 percent off your entire order at with coupon code BIG10.


OSHA programs: VPP and SHARP

Worker on roof image 2011 PEO ACWA; Safety banner image 2011 by U.S. Dept Of Energy; infographics by OSHA / U.S. Dept. of Labor; CAL/OSHA image by State of California

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